The preventive conservation and maintenance of the architectural heritage is a priority for European institutions. It is worth noting that architectural heritage conservation assumes high relevance not only because of the building itself but also because it usually contains artworks, e.g. sculptures, paintings and frescos. This means that when a structural pathology involves architectural heritage, it is likely that artworks are damaged, producing a loss of artistic and historical materials and, at the same time, an immaterial loss of memory and people identity. In the last decade, impressive advancements have been made in documenting and preserving our architectural heritage. The possibilities offered by today's tools and workflows for digital representation and information e management open new perspectives and challenges in terms of geometry acquisition, data structuration, advanced methods of analysis, structural health monitoring and data dissemination.
Regarding the dissemination purpose, it is fundamental to adopt social media for disseminating knowledge interactively. One can note how the video games industry may play a key role in inspiring and raising young people's awareness of architectural heritage. Indeed, video games couple high-quality representations of architectural heritage sites with legends and myths that grow the gamers' curiosity and historical awareness. Moreover, this research field can also use the innovation brought by the spread of augmented reality.
Our talk will address approaches and techniques adopted to conserve and preserve architectural heritage's structural integrity, which may also be successfully adopted in the video games industry. The discussion will be enriched with practical examples of 3D digital surveys and advanced analytical and numerical strategies developed by the Historic Masonry Structures research group (Department of Civil Engineering, University of Minho, ISISE, Guimarães, Portugal).
Professor at the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Minho, Portugal, and Head of the Institute in Sustainability and Innovation in Structural Engineering, with 250 researchers. Experienced in the fields of non-destructive testing, advanced experimental and numerical techniques, innovative repair and strengthening techniques, and earthquake engineering. Specialist in structural conservation and forensic engineering, with work on 100+ monuments including 17 UNESCO World Heritage. Leader of the revision of the European masonry code (EN 1996-1-1). Coordinator of the European Master on Structural Analysis of Monuments and Historical Constructions, with alumni from 70+ countries and European Heritage / Europa Nostra Award (most prestigious in Europe). Editor of the International Journal of Architectural Heritage and advisor of the Conference Series on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions. Supervised more than 60 PhD theses and coordinate multiple national and international research projects. Awarded an Advanced European Research Council Grant of 3.0 M€ to develop an integrated seismic assessment approach for heritage buildings. Coordinator of an Innovative Training Network on sustainable building lime applications via circular economy and biomimetic approaches with 15 PhD students across Europe.
Marco Francesco Funari obtained his PhD at the University of Calabria (Italy) in 2019. The PhD program was focused on the development of advanced numerical models based on the use of a moving mesh approach to predict both debonding at the interfaces and crack propagation in 2D solids. He has also pursued his interest in masonry structures by collaborating with the Laboratory of Digital Survey of the University of Calabria. In particular, He participated in the 3D Survey of Sanctuary of San Francesco of Paola (Cosenza, Italy) and the 3D modelling and video animation of San Francesco in Rocca Church's painted walls (Sassuolo, Italy). These collaborations, in the framework of cultural heritage, allowed him to strongly improve his background in survey techniques like 3D laser scanner and digital photogrammetry, as well as the most recent approaches in 3D modelling such as polygonal and NURBS modelling. Currently, he serves as a post-doctoral researcher at ISISE in the S4H project led by Prof. Lourenço at the ISISE (University of Minho). He is mainly responsible for developing an integrated analytical approach for the out-of-plane seismic assessment and subsequent intervention design of heritage masonry buildings.
Javier Ortega is an architect with a PhD in Civil Engineering and a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellow at the Instituto de Tecnologías Físicas y de la Información (ITEFI) “Leonardo Torres Quevedo” of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), in Madrid, Spain. He was awarded the MSCA-IF to develop novel non-destructive inspection tools for the mechanical characterization of historical masonry, through the 3D internal reconstruction of masonry assemblies based on acoustic wave propagation techniques. He is co-founder and associate of FENEC, a consulting engineering association providing non-destructive testing and specialized structural analysis services for the built heritage. He has over eight years of professional and academic experience in the field of conservation of historical and vernacular structures, with work on many monuments throughout the world including several UNESCO World Heritage sites. His research has focused on advanced structural analysis, detailed and large-scale seismic vulnerability assessment, and documentation of cultural heritage and historical sites. He has participated in eight research projects in the field of conservation of heritage structures, being coordinator of three of them, including the Heritage Within European project, focused on the use of new techniques for the inspection, 3D reconstruction and presentation of the non-visible parts of the built cultural heritage.
Daniel V. Oliveira, MSc and PhD in Civil Engineering, is Associate Professor at the Department of Civil Engineering of University of Minho, Portugal. His main research interests are related to the experimental and numerical analysis of traditional and heritage masonry structures, earthquake engineering, strengthening of masonry based on innovative materials, earthen construction, vernacular stone heritage and risk analysis. He has been involved in about 35 research projects in the field of masonry, funded on a competitive basis. In particular, he has been the principal investigator of the HeritageCare European project about the preventive conservation of cultural heritage buildings resorting to digital tools. He supervised about 30 PhD students and 90 MSc students, being the author of more than 300 technical and scientific publications about masonry. He worked in 4 RILEM committees as researcher (being the Secretary in two of them), dealing with the performance of masonry and earthen constructions. Daniel Oliveira is Deputy Coordinator of the international Master course in Structural Analysis of Monuments and Historical Constructions (SAHC, www.msc-sahc.org), coordinated by University of Minho and funded by the European Commission as Erasmus Mundus Master Course for a period of 10 consecutive years, award winner of the “EU Prize for Cultural Heritage / Europa Nostra Awards 2017”.